Tech N Toast®

Talking about IoT or Internet of Things

Internet of Things or IoT

You can remotely monitor and control all the connected gadgets.

It is a huge network of different devices that connect and exchange data using various software programs, sensors, actuators etc. They could be your home appliances, vehicles, thermostats, electronic appliances, lights, alarm clocks, vending machines, connected security systems, other non-internet-enabled physical gadgets, and internet-enabled devices like computers, laptops, mobile etc. These things communicate over the internet, which is the key to this communication system.
Things in internet of things, could be any devices with built-in sensors. These gadgets have IP addresses. They can communicate, and are able to exchange data without manual assistance.The sole aim of this system, is to completely avoid the human hand. Everything should be automatic. 

IoT-enabled devices can see, hear, and smell other IoT-enabled gadgets. They know when they should be replaced or repaired. If somethings goes wrong, they send an alert or they are automatically repaired by rebooting/restarting, saving time and money.

They help you capture more data at one place. You have got various devices placed in different parts of your country (it could be the whole world), which would be efficiently sending data to another IoT device, placed at your office or home, helping you make more informed decisions to deliver better results, and improving performance.   

IoT or Internet of Things – Storing and processing data

IoT devices in your home, in your pocket, and at your office create an IoT platform, which helps you make smarter decisions.

Machine-to-machine communication where real-time information is sent across all IoT gadgets and analytical systems.      

You can automate various tasks using such platforms: informing authorities when someone smokes in the building and a fire extinguisher is blocked, a coffee machine is automatically on when you get up in the morning, automatically controlling your room or office temperature, letting machines talk to each other to run the manufacturing process etc.

Home -

1. Automatically controlling all lights, air conditioners, security systems, and other home appliances. When they are not needed, they will be switched off.

2. A dedicated IoT platform can connect different smart home products to automate different tasks like connecting an alarm clock to your coffee maker. An alarm clock wakes you up at 7.00 AM in the morning, and informs the coffee maker to make a cup of coffee for you.

3. It can help old, and differently abled people. Alert systems can help hearing impaired users, and voice control can help users with sight and mobility limitations, and the sensors that monitor for medical emergencies.  

Healthcare -

1. Creating a digitized healthcare system by connecting various medical resources and healthcare systems.

2. Remotely monitor your health using heart rate monitors. They can monitor your blood pressure, and some more devices like Fitbit electronic wristbands, pacemakers etc.

3. Smart beds are placed in some hospitals, which can notify you if the beds are occupied or vacant.

4. Different sensors placed in hospitals, buildings , and patients' homes can collect, process and transfer information to ensure the general well-being of senior citizens. 

5. It can connect medical stores and hospitals to streamline the management of medicines, health supplies, and patients.

Manufacturing -

1. IoT platforms are able to handle fast and accurate manufacturing of the various products while ensuring the plant safety and security.

2. You get real-time optimization of production and supply chain networks.

3. Almost all control systems at the plant, are controlled by the smart gadgets.

4. New product demands, quality, billing, revenue, transportation etc. are all handled by industrial Internet of things (IIoT). 

Transportation -

1. Creating smart traffic control, toll collection, and other fleet management activities by processing the information across all transportation systems.

2. Very helpful in safety and road assistance.

3. Wireless sensors can monitor the location of your vehicle, and the condition of the packets being carried by the vehicle. 

4. Iot platforms and Machine Learning Algorithms are encouraged to build self-driving cars while ensuring the safety and security of the passengers.  

Farming -

1. Various sensors are used to collect data on temperature, soil quality, humidity, rain etc. to help our agriculture sector.

2. You can automate farming by using the tools equipped with sensors and artificial intelligence like water pump mechanisms to deduce the effectiveness of water flow from the data, provided by fishes, which is developed by Toyota Tsusho in partnership with Microsoft Azure.

3. Monitor soil temperature and moisture.

4. It can help you manage your crops. You can take informed decisions to improve quality and quantity of the crops.   

Environment -

1. Monitor your rivers/ponds. Artificial Intelligence and robots can be used to clean them.

2. You can control power generation and energy usage. Smart Grid for real-time energy optimization. A cloud-based interface can automatically switch off lights, power outlets, machines, and other appliances when not in use by implementing a central management and communication system over the internet.

3. Meters can collect energy consumption data, which can be sent to the grids in order to improve the production and distribution of electricity.

4. Monitor air and water quality, wildlife and their habitats, soil conditions etc.  

5. There are the possibilities of building earthquake early warning systems where sensors can be placed in the surface of the earth. when an earthquake occurs, wireless sensors send an alert.  

Now, we can see that IoT or Internet of things is being used in our daily lives. We are living in a smart world, which is getting smarter everyday.

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